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UNEPGEF.

Insitu

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Bioversity International (GEF) (UNEP). Insitu/Onfarm( ) 軠 , , , , Bioversity International (GEF) (UNEP). Ҡ: ..() .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ߠ: .. .. .. .. .. ۠ߠɠȠ: :111226,,,. ./:(+99871)2647801 .:inst@genetics.org, cwruz@yahoo.com, abd_uzbek@mail.ru. 2 Š 1. () 1. ..,..,..,..,.. ... 2. ..,..,..,.. . 3. ..Π... 4. ..,..,.. 5. ..,..,.. H.spontaneum.Koch.充..... 6. ..腅. 7. ..充. 8. ..,.. ⅅ. 9. .. 腅.. 10. ..,..,.. 腅. 11. .,..,.. 腅.. 12. ..,..,..,.. . 13. ̢..G.herbaceumL.G.arboreumL.腅 14. .. ... 15. ..,.. ... 16. .. 充. 17. ..,..,.. 充. 18. .. 19. .. .. 20. ..,.(Elaeagnus orientalisL.)腅 21. ..,.,.., exsitu 22. .. 充 2. 1. ..,.. 腅 2. .. . 3. ..,..,..,.. 4. .. 腅. 3. 1. .. (TRN)G.barbadenseL. 2. ..腠 3. .. .. 4. ..,..,.. (PistaciaveraL.) 5. ..,..,..,..,.. f1腅 6. ..,.. .. 7. ..,..,.. , 腅.. 4 1.۠ߠȠΠ ߠߠՠ РȠՠՠɠ() ĠȠ۠Πߠ ..,..,...,..,.. ͠ 111226,,,,o. .:(+99871)2642390,:(+99871)2642230,.:inst@gen.org.uz , XX , , , . , [1]. , , . , , [,2000)]. , , .,, ,(60) . Π Π ͠ . , , .   , . , .. , , (,,.), : , . ;

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,.. (Р ͠ ) 60 . , 7277 . .(2n=52) Gossypium L.

: 4903 . . G.hirsutum L. ( ), 970 . G.barbadense L. ( ), 1404 . (2n = 26) G.herbaceumL.G.arboreumL.(). 4050 GossypiumL.300 , . ʠ . , Gossypium L., , , , , ;

, , . ,,( ). : ,, :4,1,2,3,6,2, 318,306,510,512,513,514.,1,,,75, .,. , , . 1. ... .//..:.2000.28. 6 S um ma ry COTTONGENEBANKANDPERSPECTIVESOFITSUSE AbdullaevA.A.,RizaevaS.M.,ErnazarovaZ.A.,KuryazovZ.B.,ErnazarovaD.K. Breedingofnewvarietiesofcottonispossibleonlyifweshallbeabletouserichgenepoolof wild and cultivated cotton species. Availability of such a genepool will give opportunity to use original material which possesses valuable features like adaptivity to extreme conditions and resistancetopestsanddiseases.Thehistoryofestablishmentofthecollectionatthelaboratoryof systematic and cotton introduction counts more than 60 years. This unique collection consists of 7277 accessions from various world countries which can be considered as the bases for further fundamentalandpracticalexperiments. ŠŠ Ƞՠɠ ՠɠ Š ..1,..2,..3,..2 Ƞ,2͠ ,3֠. 111202,,,,.. .:(+99897)4000548,.:f_abdullaev@yahoo.com .帠 ,. ,,, , , .   .1. .   , .. , , . , . , , , , ,, ., ,. , , ., , . , , , ,.. , . . , ,, , , . , , , ..   , .. , .2. . . , , , , . , . .ࠫInsitu 帠 ()͠(). 8 Bioversity International. , , , , , . , . , . . , , ;

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,. . , , . , ,., , ex situ , , . , , ., . ,, , . ex situ, . , ., ,. , ,, . , ,insitu, ,. MSAccess : ,exsitu() insitu().   ex situ 868 31 , (Ƞ , Ƞ , Ƞ , , ͠ , ). ,insitu,6 : (Allium sp.), (Amygdalus sp.), (Pistaciavera),(Juglansregia),(Malussp.)(Hordeumsp.), .   20052007., 600 , 294 . insitu25,40,48,80, ,150. , . ,, . , , , , . S um ma ry INFORMATIONMANAGEMENTINCROPWILDRELATIVESCONSERVATION INUZBEKISTAN AbdullaevF.Kh.,DjataevS.A.,KarpenkoYu.A.,YakubovM.D. The main problem in modern world is achieving of the harmony between human and nature. Wild relatives of crop species are the source of many features. Managing of the wild speciesisnotpossiblewithoutinformationontheirdistributioninnatureandmodernstatus.Alot ofinformationisavailableattheInstitutionsinUzbekistan.IntheframeoftheUNEPGEFproject NationalInformationSystemondistributionofcropwildrelativesinnatureandtheirfeatureshas been developed. It includes information on CWR available at the Intuitions, herbarium and informationobtainedastheresultofecogeographicalsurveys. Πՠՠߠ .. Ƞ,.. ,, .:(+99870)7444730 ,.

, , ,.., . Ԡ In situ 帠 5 Amygdalus L.: (A.communis L.) (A.bucharica Korch.), (A.spinosissim Bg.), (A.petunnikowii Litw.), (A.kalmykovii O.Lincz.) . 5 (.communis L.). , . , , , . . ( ), , , . , . , , (,). .  , .   , , ,. Insitu/On farm ( ) 軠() . , , ,. : , , , . , , , , , . . , , , . , , , , , . ,, , . . , , . , , ,, ( , ,.), . . , . , , ,, . . S um ma ry ABOUTWILDRELATIVESOFALMOND AbdurasulovA.A. Almond is one of the hot resistant fruit crops. It is successfully used in forest melioration. FivealmondspecieswerestudiedastheresultofecogeographicalsurveysintheframeofUNEP GEFprojectInsituconservationofcropwildrelativesthroughenhancedmanagementandfield application: A.communis L., A.bucharica Korch., A.spinosissim Bg., A.petunnikowii Litw., A.kalmykoviiO.Lincz.andsomenaturalhybrids.Agricalturalvaluablefeaturesarecharacteristical for A.communis L. Biological, morphological and agricultural features of A.communis L. were studiedintheframeofUNEPGefprojectInsitu/Onfarmconservationofagrobiodiversity(fruit cropsandtheirwildrelatives. ŠȠŠՠ   ՠՠ ..,..,.. Ƞ 111202,,,,. .:(+99871)2601169,.:baymetov40@mail.ru ArmeniacaMill. ..   , .  .  . . insitu/onfarm.   ,. . , . , . UNEPGEF Insitu/n farm ( ), . . (). , , :,,, .. . , , , ,,. . 5055(,,). 2025(,). () .
.Ӡ .ʠ,,,, ,.Ӡ , , , . Ӡ ,,,. . .(), (),,. . ,. ,, (). , . , .   ,. , ., .  . , . ,. ,,, ,, .   . , .   , , ,(,).   ,. insitu/onfarm , ,, , ,. , ,,. Summary DIVERSITYANDONFARMCONSERVATIONOFTHELOCALVARIETIES OFAPRICOT BaymetovK.I.,RajametovSh.N.,NazarovP.T. Apricot belongs to Armeniaca Mill. genera. It is one of the most important fruit crops distributed all over Uzbekistan. In Uzbekistan local varieties of apricot prevail over introduced apricotvarieties.AlmosteveryregioninUzbekistanhasitsownvarietyofapricot.Localvarieties of apricot formed in the local conditions and adapted to them. The results of the expeditions organizedintheframeofInsitu/Onfarmconservationofagrobiodiversity(fruitcropsandtheir wild relatives) in Central Asia showed that Bukhara, Khorezm oasises and southern regions of Uzbekistan are rich in local varieties of apricot. Our local varieties distinguished from European varieties by some features and they are well adapted to dryness and resistant to the pests and diseases. ˠȠŠΠߠH.SPONTANEUM.KOCH.  Š ..,..,.. Ƞ 111202,,,,. .:(+99871)2601169,.:baymetov40@mail.ru .X XV . [6,7].Ƞ :, [2,4]. ( )() [3].[1,5], ,, [3].   H.spontaneum C.Koch. . ..(1968),..(1971),H.spontaneum .Koch.. , 20052008 . Ƞ Insitu . H.spontaneum.Koch. . , H.spontaneum.Koch.. , . H.spontaneum .Koch. . . 3540. , , 3550 , . , H.spontaneum .Koch..  H.spontaneum.Koch., ,., . , 17001750 ... ( ). , 14001500 ... , H.bulbosum L. H.spontaneum .Koch. , . , , . (),()().  H.spontaneum.Koch.. .  H.spontaneum.Koch., , ,.  , , H.spontaneum .Koch. 10001970 ... , . , . 2006., H.spontaneum.Koch. 20,0 , 16,0 .   H.spontaneum .Koch. 1215 . . . Ӡ , ,, 12.,.  H.spontaneum.Koch. 317...(,)215,3...( ,).

., .H.spontaneum.Koch. ,, .  H.spontaneum.Koch. ,,,, .H.spontaneum.Koch. ,. , 2008 H.spontaneum.Koch..   H.spontaneum .Koch. , .H.spontaneum.Koch. .   (90100 ), H.spontaneum .Koch. H.spontaneum.Koch. , , H.spontaneum.Koch. ,,, ,,,2000 ...,. ,, . , ( 250 ), ( 500 ) . , H.spontaneum .Koch., ,,. H.spontaneum .Koch. . 2. .. .//..53.12.1968. 3. .. .// .:..:.1961. 4. .. .// ..3.:͠.1962. 5. ...:.1972.223. 6. .. .// .....1958. 7. ....:.1969. 8. ...//.:.1972. S um ma ry DISTRIBUTIONAREAANDSTATEMENTOFTHEWILDBARLEY H.SPONTANEUM.KOCH.INUZBEKISTAN BaymetovK.I.,RajametovSh.,NazarovP. Barley is one of the ancient species introduced into culture in XXV centuries. Scientists testify about cultivation of barley on the territory of Uzbekistan in VII centuries BC. Uzbek Research Institute of Plant Industry carried researches on the territory of Uzbekistan. Modern areas of H.spontaneum distribution were defined and its modern statement was revealed as the resultoftheseexpeditions.Wildrelativesofbarleyrecommendedforusinginbreedingprograms. ҠàȠ .. , ,,,2. .:(+99871)2704475. ,ࠢ . , , . . ,Ѡ(6% ), 1, 2, , Š . ,,,, . (,) . 5060% .,,, .Ѡ10 50100.Р, ,1015. . Ѡ . ꠸,10%,200 %Š,(56,71%)(29,32%). .13 , . : (Rosa achburensis), (Rosa canina), (Rosaarnoldii),(Rosaambigua), (Rosa transturkestanica), (Rosa Fedtschenkoana), (Rosamaracandica),(Rosananotamnus),(Rosakaraalmensis), (Rosabeggeriana),(Rosaecae),(Rosa divina), (Rosa persica). . .. [3] , 踠 頢 . 踠 , . ࠢ蠢, . ࠢ. . 2800 . , , , , . . . 100Ѡ 25000Ѡ . , , . 34 812 . ,. 56 . . , . Caninae Rosa canina, R.achburensis, R.ambigua, R.transturkestanica, R.arnoldii, CinnamomeaRosafedtchenkoana,R.maracandica,R.beggeriana蠢 , .Caninae , , Ѡ 500800/%.ࠡ , 蠢.

(Ѡ8000 /%). , (1000 /% ) , . , , , ,.ࠢ . 1. .. .//..1990. 2. .., .., .. , .//.1993..1314. 3. .. .// , , ,.:.1996..180185. ŠŠ Π ..   13 , ., ,, . S um ma ry BIOLOGICALVARIETYOFDOGROSESOFTHETASHKENTOASIS BerdievE.T. Data on 13 species of dogrose grown on the territory of Tashkent oasises are given in this article.Somedataonoptimalforestconstructionconditionsofmountainpartoftheregionwhere dogrose species are growing and harvesting and some biomorphological features of growth and developmentofdogrosespeciesarealsodescribedinthearticle. ŠՠɠΠ Š .. ֠ՠ 111104,,,,. ./:(+99871)2257232,.:niiles@org.uz (JuglansregiaL.). ,. :,,, ,,, . . . ,, ., , . : ,,.   , , . , . ԠInsitu . ( 300 ) , :,. , .   6 : ,,,, . , .   , , .   0,52 .  1400,50 2,5 . . , ,.  200 ,.  . .   . 50 . ,,, ,., , ,. 8001700. ,. ,, 700.  .Ƞ 1000,, .  ,800, .   , . Ӡ , ., , , . . .. ʠ .

.280, (, 1969 ) +36380, . ,, . , , . . . ʠ . , , , , ,,. , 3%. ʠ , , . , , 50%,, ., , , .300500, , .

. ,, . , .  ,,. , ., .  . ,. , , , , ,, ,. , . , , , , , .,25 , . , , , . ,, , , , . , , . , . . , , . S um ma ry CONSERVATIONOFWILDRELATIVESOFWALNUTINUZBEKISTAN ButkovYe.A. Walnutisknownfromancienttimes.Moderndistributionareasofwalnutpopulationswere studied in frame of UNEPGEF project Insitu conservation of crop wild relatives through enhancedinformationmanagementandfieldapplication.Walnutdistributionareaspresentedas threeisolatedpopulations:WesternTienShanpopulation,NuratapopulationandSouthernGissar population. The tendency of decreasing of walnut distribution areas can be observed in each of threewalnutpopulationsinUzbekistan. ŠŠΠ Š ȠŠΠՠ  ..1,..2 ֠ՠ, 1 2BioversityInternational,ϠǠ 111104,,,,. ./:(+99871)2257232,.:niiles@org.uz ch . , ,,.  (1,5.) ,, ,.   Ԡ Insitu /On farm ( ) 軠 , ,,, ., ( ), ()() . ,, , ,. ,,75010001200 , .,,, .  ,,. , . . , . ,, , .. , , .25 1,5.  , . , , 200.   , , ,. ,, ,. ,( ), .   302. .   ,,3578 30. ,,. , , , . , .   , , .  . ( , , , ,,,.), (),( ,118, .),(5 26 ., ;



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