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Bioforsk Svanhovd

ʻ

, , 1316 ,

28. 40 , : .

: . 2012. 484 .

ISBN 978 5 98436 027 , 1316 2012 . .. (. ). , , , , , . , , , .

ʻ, ( 20102012 .), ,



28. .. , , , , , , , Bioforsk Svanhovd, , , , ʻ, , , , , , , .., , , ISBN 978 5 98436 027 2 , , .., .., .., ............11 ................................................. ..................................................15 .., .., .., ......... (C ) ................................................18 ( ) ............................................... .., .., ...........................22 .............................................. ?

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................................................. 1. CYDIA POMONELLA LINNAEUS (LEPIDOPTERA: TORTICIDAE) (GLYPHODES PYLOLAIS WALKER) .., ......................................36 .., ................................... PROVORTEX KARLINGI (NEORHABDOCOELA;





DALYELLIOIDA) ................................................38 .., ...................................... : (GASTROPODA, PUIMONATA) PYRRHOCORIS APTERUS GRAPHOSOMA LINEATUM .., .., .......................39 ., .................................. DRAWIDA GHILAROVI GATES, ..................................................41 1969 (MONILIGASTRIDAE, OLIGOCHAETA): GLYPTOTENDIPES GLAUCUS MG.

.., ....................................... (DIPTERA, CHIRONOMIDAE) CARPELIMUS ................................................43 LEACH, 1819 (COLEOPTERA: STAPHYLINIDAE: OXYTELINAE) .., ................................. .., .., .......................45 .., .., .................. ................................................47 .., ............................... ( ) ..................................................49 .................................................. (HETEROPTERA) (DAPHNIA MAGNA D. PULEX) ................................................50 ............................................... POLYPHEMUS PEDICULUS (CLADOCERA, ONYCHOPODA) (COLLEMBOLA) .., ................................... ................................................. (COLEOPTERA, STAPHYLINIDAE) (HYMENOPTERA, CHRYSIDIDAE, CHRYSURA) DICHROA .., .., ........... ............................................... , 1316 2012 ., AMPHIPODA BITHYNIIDAE GRAY, : (GASTROPODA, PECTINIBRANCHIA) .............................................. .., .., .................... .., .................................... ............................................ PIERIS BRYONIAE .., .................................... .............................................. (DIPTERA, BRACHYCERA) (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONOIDEA) ................................................ .., ................................... (COLEOPTERA:

CARABIDAE) ................................................ .., ................................... (HETEROPTERA, TINGIDAE) .., ................................. ................................................. 2008 (COLEOPTERA, CURCULIONIDAE) .., .., ................... .., .......................................... , , ADONIA VARIEGATA GOEZE (COLEOPTERA: COCCINELLIDAE) .., ..........................................84 ................................................ CRENOMYTILUS GRAYANUS . :

, , (ACARIFORMES, TROMBIDIFORMES, HYDRACHNIDIA) ............................................. ........................................... TRACHELOMONAS .., .., .., ........ .............................................. , ANTHONOMINI (COLEOPTERA, CURCULIONIDAE) (ACOELA) ................................................. .............................................. HARMONIA AXYRIDIS (COLEOPTERA: COCCINELLIDAE) .., .................................... .., .., .., .., .....................................91 .............................................. DIPLOSTOMUM NORDMANN, (MYOTIS DASYCNEME BOIE, 1825) .., ..................................... ................................................. ..................................... ................................................ PLANORBARIUS CORNEUS L.

SGHYRADIUM DOLIOLUM , (GASTROPODA, PLANORBIDAE) .., ......................................... ., ................................. (HYMENOPTERA: APOIDEA) ................................................. .., .., ..................... (ARANEI) ................................................. ................................................ , , .., ..................................100 .............................................. (COLEOPTERA, CARABIDAE) .., ...............................102 ............................................. CHOREUTIS (=SIMAETHIS) NEMORANA HB. ................................................103 .., ...................................... 1316 2012 ., ,

. LAIMAPHELENCHUS (APHELENCHOIDIDAE) ( ) .................................................140 ................................................ (ORIBATEI) .., ..................................142 ............................................... (TURBELLARIA, NEOOPHORA) ..................................................143 .., .................................... (ORTHOPTERA, ACRIDOIDEA) ........................................... () .., ..................................... CHIRONOMUS BOROKENSIS ............................................... (CHIRONOMIDAE, DIPTERA) (COLEOPTERA, .............................................. CARABIDAE) ( ) .., ................................ .., .., .................. , (INSECTA: HYMENOPTERA, DIPTERA, LEPIDOPTERA) EOBANIA VERMICULATA .

., .........................................149 .................................................. PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS AND MORPHOLOGICAL CLADISTIC ANALYSIS 2011 OF SIX SPECIES OF CHITONIDA (POLYPLACOPHORA) INHABITING RED SEA .., Ը .., .., ...........151 COAST OF EGYPT Thabet A.A., Obuid Allah A.H., El Bakary Z.A., Omar O.S............ 2. TURDUS VISCIVORUS L. (TURDIDAE, PASSERIFORMES) ................................................. .., .................................... (FRINGILLA COELEBS L.) ................................................ λ . ................................................ .., .., .., .., .................................. OCYRIS AUREOLUS (PALLAS, 1773) (COLUMBA LIVIA) .., .................................. .................................................. SYLVAEMUS () ACROCEPHALUS BISTRIGICEPS SWINHOE, 1860 .............................................. .................................................. (SUNCUS ETRUSCUS SAVI, 1822) .., .., ........................... ............................................... ................................................. ............................................... (MYODES RUTILUS) ............................................... pH MICROTUS ROSSIAEMERIDIONALIS .., .................................. (VULPES VULPES) .................................................. .., .., ..................... () ABRAMIS BRAMA (L.) ............................................. ................................................ , BOMBINA BOMBINA LINNAEUS, 1761, ............................................. ................................................. , 1316 2012 ., ........................................... ܖ Ш .., .., (ONCORHYNCHUS, SALMONIDAE, SALMONI .., ............................. FORMES) .., ................................ (CAPRA AEGAGRUS ERXLEBEN) ( TURDUS, ZOOTHERA) .., .................................. .., .................................. ͨ .., .............................. .................................................. (ANABAS TESTUDINEUS) .., ...................... .., .............................. (MOTACILLA FLAVA) (PARIDAE, AVES) л ( ) .., .., .................... .., .................................... (CHARADRII, AVES), ................................................ ............................................... ................................................ ............................................... GALLIFORMES SANDER LUCIOPERCA 2010 (LINNAEUS, 1758) .............................................. .., ...................................215 2010 LUSCINIA SIBILANS .............................................. .............................................. TURDUS .., .., .................. .., ................................ (PETAURUS BREVICEPS) .............................................. .., .., ...................... (DENDROLAGUS GOODFELLOWI) .., .., .., ...... .., .., ...................... .

.

............................................... ............................................... , .............................................. ............................................... , GALLINULA CHLOROPUS (L.) ................................................. ............................................... ................................................. GASTEROSTEUS ACULEATUS LINNAEUS, 1758 (GASTEROSTEIDAE) ................................................. .., .................................... CLUPEONELLA CULTRIVENTRIS SOREX SATUNINI (NORDMANN, 1840) (ACTINOPTERYGII: CLUPEIDAE) OGN. SOREX ARANEUS L. .............................................. (MAMMALIA) .............................................. ................................................. , ONDATRA ZIBETHICA L.

: 1766 .., ................................ .., .., ......................... : .................................................. 1316 2012 ., ,

(MYODES GLAREOLUS) 11 ( . ) .., ................................273 ............................................. (CANIS LUPUS) (GULO GULO) MICROTUS MAXIMOWICZII SCHRENCK, 1858 (ARVICOLINAE, RODENTIA) .............................................275 .., ................................ (FICEDULA HYPOLEUCA PALL.) .., .., .................... ............................................... (FALCO TINNUNCULUS, ACCIPITER GENTILIS FALCONIFORMES, STRIX ALUCO STRIGIFORMES) ..................................................278 .., .., ....................... (ORYCTOLAGUS CUNICULUS) . A............................................... .., .., .., ....... , .............................................. (SERINUS CANARIA) ................................................ .., .., .., .., .., .., .., ................................. .., .., .................... .., ................................... .., .., ................... MOTACILLA FELDEGG MICHAHELLES, CAPREOLUS PYGARGUS (PASSERIFORMES, MOTACILLIDAE, MOTACILLINAE) (PALLAS, 1771) ............................................... .., ................................. ............................................. .., ...................................... (RANA TEMPORARIA L.) (R. ARVALIS NILSS.) ................................................ (NCORHYNCHUS NERKA) ................................................ (PHYLLOSCOPUS) .., ................................. ................................................. ʻ

............................................... .., ............................... ................................................ .., ..................................... APODEMUS AGRARIUS PALL. MUS MUSCULUS .., .., .., ...... .., .................................. : ?

MUS MUSCULUS .................................................. (SYLVIIDAE) .., .................................. .., .., ...................... (SOREX ARANEUS L.) ................................................ ................................................ (SYLVIIDAE) (URSUS ARCTOS) .., ............................... .., .................................. (URSUS ARCTOS L.).

.

.............................................. .., .................................307 (DENDROCOPOS MAJOR L.) ............................................... .., ............................... , 1316 2012 ., ߻ ? (GRUS LEUCOGERANUS) ..................................................346 .., .., .................... RANA TEMPORARIA L. MYOTIS MYSTACINUS (CHIROPTERA) .., ....................................348 .., ..................................... (GENETTA PARDINA) . ACCIPITER NISUS .., .., .........................350 .............................................. CAPOETA SEVANGI (GLIS GLIS) DE FILIPPI (CYPRINIDAE, PISCES) .., .., ......................352 .............................................. CARASSIUS GIBELIO (BLOCH) . () .., ...................................353 .............................................. ELAPHE DIONE .............................................355 (CRICETINAE) ................................................ (FICEDULA HYPOLEUCA) .., .., .........................357 (NYCTEA SCANDIACA) ................................................ .., .., .......................358 (CORVIDAE) ................................................ .., .., ....................360 IDUNA CALIGATA .., .................................. ..............................................362 (MUSCICAPA STRIATA NEUMANNI POCHE, 1904) (SUS SCROFA) ............................................... () ..............................................364 (RODENTIA) .., .............................. ɻ 2010 . ( ) (HEMIECHINUS AURITUS) .., .....................................365 ................................................. (LUSCINIA SVECICA) CRISTA SELLARIS ..............................................366 , NATRIX NATRIX (COLUBRIDAE) ........................................... TAKYDROMUS WOLTERI, .., .., .......................368 ................................................ MUS WATER BIRD REGISTRATION IN THE COMMON WATER BODY OF PASVIK t ZAPOVEDNIK (RUSSIA) AND PASVIK NATURE RESERVE (NORWAY) .., .., ....................369 Aspholm P.E., Makarova O.A., Polikarpova N.V., Zatsarinny I.V....... THE IMPACT OF COPPER AND MOLYBDENUM POLLUTION ON THE CYTO MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ERYTHROCYTES .................................................370 OF BUFO VARIABILIS (ANURA: BUFONIDAE) AND DAREVSKIA RADDEI (SAURIA: LACERTIDAE) IN ARMENIA Stepanyan I.E., Karagyan G.H.................................. ................................................ 1316 2012 ., ,

3. .., .., ...................398 ( ) .., .................................. () ................................................399 .., ................................. . ................................................401 (. ) (. ) .., .................................. .., .., .....................403 ( ܻ) .., ................................... .., .............................. 137 (SCIURUS VULGARIS L.) . .............................................. ............................................ ( ) ׸ ................................................. . ɻ

............................................408 .., ................................... , XXI ...............................................410 ...................................

.............. . () ..............................................412 .., .., .., ......... . ( ) 2010 .., .., ..................413 .., .................................... ʻ .., ..................................415 .., ............................... 4. (BISON BONASUS L.) ..............................................442 .., ............................... ................................................443 ɻ

............................................... (CYGNUS BEWICKII) (INSECTA, REPTILIA, ɻ MAMMALIA), ................................................445 .................................................. : ..................................................448 .., ...................................... , 1316 2012 ., 5. ................................................. ............................................... : .., .., ........................ .., .., .., ........ .............................................. .., ................................. ѻ .............................................. .., ................................... ߻

............................................. .............................................. .., ............................ ................................................ ɻ

..................................................466 .., .................................... ɻ ORNITHOLOGICAL TOURISM AS AN ELEMENT OF PROTECTION AND PUBLIC AWARENESS ...............................................468 Frantzen B., Aspholm P.E..................................... ............................................... .. , .. , .. , ..

, . E mail: artem@karelia.ru MAIN RESULTS OF ANNUAL MONITORING OF GEESE GATHERINGS AT THE SPRING MIGRATORY STOPOVERS IN KARELIA A.V. Artemyev, V.B. Zimin, N.V. Lapshin, S.A. Simonov Institute of Biology, Karelian Research Centre, Russian Academy of Sciences, Petrozavodsk, Russia We studied spring migratory stopovers of geese at the Olonets plain in Karelia in 19972011 to investigate the main factors which defined number dynamics of birds. These factors are: the state of forage supplies, weather conditions, the degree of anthropogenic stress and the status of the grassland protection. The role of these factors and the force of their influence on birds varied considerably in different sea sons. Warm early springs stimulated early arrival and number increase of geese. Cold springs led to the delay of geese at the more south ern places. The status of fields and the degree of anthropogenic stress also played an important role in dynamics of geese number. The possibilities of management of the bird number and distribution at the territory of mass migratory stopovers are displayed by means of con ducting biotechnical measures. The most significant negative influences are increased poaching and agricultural sites of fire.

, , 1993 . , , , .

. , . 1993 ., 1997 . . . 100 19972011 . 150 . . 16 26 19 25 .

Anser albifrons, A. fabalis, Branta leucopsis. , , . 19972009 . 20 . , , 20102011 . . 30 . . . , : , , , , . . , 20 ( ., 2000, 2007,;


50% (, , 1971). ., 2010, 2011). , (13 690 ) , (8800 ). .

, . , . , , . , , . 1,2% , . , . 1.

, , : , . 29 . , . , . , , .

18 . ( ., 2007). , 15 , 1316 2012 ., 1. 1997 2011 .

8120* 1532 1 (531012222) (3743080) (293652) 18456 6822 , (1214827726) (78314220) (16822328) 1 7 26 17 (27 (20 (1023 ) 17 ) 3 ) * , .

(r = 0,32;

p = 0,1), . 1. (1) (2) (. 1), 19972011 .

(r = 0,92;

p 0,001).

WWF , . . , . , , .

. 1993 .

. . , 4900 , . 17% , 24,5 % , . . . 1 20 , , , . , , .. . 1995 . , . . 3 500 , , . 2007 . , .

.

, 20092011 . . , . . , .

( 10 90% ., 2000), , , 30%, . . , . .

2009 . . . , . 30% (, 2005), , 2011 . , . . .

, , (. 2): . (r = 0,65), (r = 0,69).

2025% , . . .

, , .

10 .

, , 19992001 . , , , .

. , . , . . . . 2. Anser (1) (2) 19972011 .

, . . , , . .

, , , (Graaf et al., 2006;

Wijk et al., 2011). .

, . : A. fabalis fabalis A. fabalis . rossicus. , . . , , , , . , . ( http://www.blessgans.de , http://www.geese.org ). , . . , Anser , , , (. 2). .

. Anser, . , , , (. 2).

. , . , , . . , 1993 . 2. 19972011 .

/ 0.57* 1 0.7 0.08 ns 0.56 0.15 ns , 1 0. 0.24 ns 0.09 ns 0.2 ns 0. 10000 0.61 0.02 ns 0.19 ns 0.23 ns 0.35 ns 5000 0. 0.37 ns 1 0. 0.47 0. , 1 0. 0.31 ns 0.1 ns 0.19 ns 0.17 ns 4000 0.08 ns 0.24 ns 0. 4000 0.05 ns 0.43 ns 0.08 ns 0.07 ns 1 0. , 1 0.1 ns 0.27 ns 0.23 ns 0. 0.05 ns 0.08 ns * (p 0.05) , 1316 2012 ., . , .

. , . 25 80% , . . , , . 3. . 20102011 . ( , . , ).

2010 .

. , , (. 3).

, 4,9 . , . 2011 :

, 6000 . , , .

. , , , . .., .., .. Anser , 2010 2011 .

. ( , ).// . 2010. . 7.

. . 234237.



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