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VI (22232012.) I () 2012 74.584(2) . . (), . . (. ), . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . (. ) 592 :

, : (2223 2012 .). . I () / . , 2012. 378 .

ISBN 978-5-8021-1581- , , - : , , 22-23 2012 .

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74.584(2) ISBN 978-5-8021-1581-7 Š ..,..,.. ɠ:ɠĠ...........13 .. ܠՠ ȠɠŠ.....................17 .. ߠߠ۠ Πߠ Ӡ..............................................18 .. ȠΠߠߠ ՠɠ...................................................................24 ..,.. ʠӠΠ̠Ƞ  ӠӠ ̠Š ՠ Π...........................................................................27 ..,.. ĠŠ۠ȠŠɠ Π..............................................................................29 ..,.. ߠΠŠߠ ѠȠ Ƞ....................................................................................................32 .. Šɠ۠: ɠȠɠ۠...........................................34 .. ʠӠΠ̠Ƞ Π Š..................................................37 .. ߠΠʠΠȠ ɠ۠ ΠŠ..............................41 ..,.. ߠߠ ʠˠɠ۠..............................................................45 ..,..,.. ߠΠ  ̠Š..................................................................................52 ..,.. ȠΠ ȠɠȠ,ɠΠŠ ȠȠ ΠɠĻ........................54 ..,.. Πɠ۠ ɠ()ȠŠŠ۠.............................................58 .. Š۠XVIIŠ۠ ŠȠȻՠ?..................63 ..,..,.. ՠ  Πߠ  ŠߠΠ..........................................66 .. Ӡ!......................................................................................................67 ..,..,.., ..,.. ߠߠՠ, ʠȠɠ۠ ȠߠΠߠߠ.71.

..,..,..,.. ۠ߠΠ1...............................74 .. ܠ.........................................................................................77 ..,.. ŠߠɠΠ ߠʠҠߠ Π...................................................80 .. ߠΠӠӠѠ̠ɠ ʠΠߠɠɠ Ƞ...........................................................................................................83 .. ŠɠΠӠ  ŠΠߠӠ20122016........86 .. ܠΠߠߠȠɠ ɠȠӠ ՠ   .................................................................................................90 ..,.. Π...........................92 ..,.. ŠŠ Š Πߠ .......................95 ..,.. ۠ߠ  Š ΠȠŠȠȻ ̠ŠӠ...............................................................98 .. ʠߠȠߠ  ŠΠߠ...................101 .. ҠՠՠɠӠ ʠߠΠߠ.......................106 .. ߠΠ  ̠ŠΠ......111 .. Š۠ ܠߠ.................................................120 .. ŠŠ:۠Ƞۅ.......124 ..,.. Šՠɠ  ՠΠΠȠ.........128 ..,..,..,.. ŠȠȠ : Šߠ ۠ ŠɠȠ  Š(3ߠ2012).............................................................131 .. ΠՠɠȠ Ƞߠ............................................................................................137 .. Ҡߠ ̠ŠӠ.............................................................139 .. ΠȠȠɠ ՠˠɠȠ Šߠՠ....143 .. ȠɠȠʠɠ ҠɠȠ...............................................150 .. ۠ߠɠȠ ȠȠɠ ޠՠɠ̠................................155 .. ߠɠ۠ʠΠ Ǡ ߠȠ ߠ̠̠ (ŠΠӠӻ)........................................160 .. Ǡߠ ΠȠ ͠ȠȠȠ̠ŠӠ..................163 ..,..,..,.., ..,..,.. ȠΠߠ ΠΠ ŠHBEAGȠ...164 ..,.. ܠΠӠ ̠Š  Π...................................167 .. ܠΠ ɠŠ ɠ......................................................................................168 .. ŠȠ̠Š  Š.....................................................................................171 .. ʠӠΠȠȠߠ۠ Ƞՠɠ(Π̠Ƞɠ ۠ȠŠߠȠߠ Πޠɠ۠ŠȠ Ƞ߻).........................................................................................177 ..,.. ߠΠ ɠɠŠ...............................................................................182 .. Ҡߠ Ƞ۠ΠѠ..........................187 ..,.. Šߠ  Π..................................................191.



.. ŠŠɠ Ƞ ...................................................................................196 .. Š۠ߠ Π Ƞ۠ߠɠɠ۠...............200 ..,.. ܠߠՠɠ ȠȠ͠߻ Ƞߠ߻......................................................................206.

.. Ǡ̠ߠӠȠ ɠɠȠՠ ՠ ................................208 .. Πՠՠ, ՠ ̠ŠȠ IPȠ...........................213 .. ՠɠ ɠŠ(18461881)  ̠Š..........................................................................215 ..,.. Šՠ Š ՠNI6221ߠՠ  Π......................................217 .. Ǡߠ Π ߠΠߠȠՠŠ  ՠߠՠ͠.............................222 .. ŠɠȠ ʠӠȠޠ   ŠȠ........................................................229 .. ߠȻ:ʠӠ Ƞߠ۠..........................................................236 ..,..,.. ȠȠՠ   ՠȠɠ۠ߠ Πޠλ................................................................238 ..,.. ۠ȠΠߠȠȠ  ̠̠Ƞ..............................................245 .. ǠȠɠȠɠ۠ ΠɠŠՠ. (ՠΠȠ)...............247 .. ɠĠʠޠ۠ ՠՠĻ ̠ŠӠ..............................................254 ..,.. ΠȠՠ̠ ΠȠߠߠɠɠȠ (ՠ)ȠߠȠߠ............................259 .. ŠΠ Ƞ.................................................................................................264 .. ҠߠՠР Š۠ ΠȠ ՠɠȠɠ..............................269 .. ۠ߠΠ ѠȠΠ...................................................274 .. Š۠Š ɠ۠19391940.  Š۠ȠŠ۠ՠ....................276 .. ʠӠΠȠΠ  ՠɻ ȠΠՠȠ Ҡ .................................280 .. ΠՠՠȠΠ ΠȠȠ...................................................................................284 .. ߠߠΠ (Š۠߻)....................................................289 .. Šߠ  ʠĠΠߠ............................................................297 .. ߠՠ  ʠȠɠ Ƞՠ ..........................................................300 ..,..,.. ߠܠ ߠ ɠ۠ Š............................................305 ..,..,.. ΠߠΠ: ʠܠ ՠ? (Ǡ۠)..................................................307 ..,.. ɠʠ Š.........................................................................310.

.. Π̠ŠʠޠΠ ̠ŠӠ.............................................................322 ..,..,.., ..,..,.. ŠɠȠӠɠȠ........327 ..,.. Š۠ ΠՠɠȠȻ ̠Š..........................................................................343 ..,..,..,..  ɠȠ Ӡՠ ŠŠ  Šՠɠ............................332 .. ŠȠՠ   ΠΠ....................................................339 .. ŠȠӠ Ҡߠՠ ..........................................343 ..,.. ߠɠ۠ Π........................................................................346.

.. ɠĠ Š ȠΠŠ ̠Š................................347 .. ߠΠߠɠ  ՠΠߠ Π...............................................................................350 .. ߠʠߠ ՠՠɠ..........................352.

..,.. Š۠Ƞ Πߠ Ӡ.................................................................356 .. ŠȠ۠ ՠȠՠɻ ߠ ߠλ......................................359 .. ۠Ƞՠ. ɠ..Ҡ...............................................361 .. ۠ߠՠ   ɠȠȠ  Š1960Š1970ՠ.........................................................................368 .. ߠʠĠɠȠ..................................................372 .. ܠ۠ŠȠŠ Ż ɠȠ.....376 ɠ: ɠĠ ..,..,..ࠠ , . , .   , , , , . ( ,,, ).   : . () . Ѡ ., , () , , , , . . , , , : 13 ;

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